High Risk Pregnancy Group Women on the Rise: As number of high risk pregnancy cases are increasing in India, gynecologists and obstetricians are highlighting about the modern treatment methods and advanced surgeries available today for safe delivery and ensuring that both mother and baby are healthy after delivery.
About 20 to 30 percent of pregnant women today fall under high risk pregnancy group and the number is increasing with each passing day due to various reasons. A pregnant woman can fall in high risk group either due to her previous medical condition or due to complications she develops during pregnancy, said S Shantha Kumari, senior gynecologist, who is also the organising secretary of International Conference on Pregnancy in High Risk Patients (ICPHR) held in Hyderabad.
Increasing late pregnancies in women due to late marriages, women suffering with problems like hypertension, diabetes, uterus problems, cervical cancer, obesity, miscarriages earlier, among other problems are considered high risk even before they become pregnant.
Developing problems like gestational diabetes, anemia, low-lying plasma, less amount of liquor, development of ovarian cysts, fibroids, gall bladder disease, among other diseases are factors which occur during pregnancy.
Even during and after delivery, problems like rupture of uterus, postpartum hemorrage, low birth weight of baby, among others can occur.
Irrespective of causes pregnant women have to be ensured safe delivery and care has to be taken for ensuring that a new born baby is healthy in all respects. Modern treatment methods and advances in surgical techniques like obstetric endoscopy, intrauterine fetal surgeries, fetal cardiac therapy, fetal transfusion, laparoscopic recanalisation, myomectomy, hysterectomy, among others are various advances which are available today in treating high risk pregnancies. Therefore pregnant women need not panic about their baby and their safety, if they have any factor which makes them fall in high risk category, explained Dr CN Purandare, president elect of International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO).
Dr CN Purandare, who was in Hyderabad to attend ICPHR, pointed out that Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) and Infant Morality Rate (IMR) have been decreasing gradually but still lot needs to be done as pregnant women are facing newer and more health risks today.
Dr Prakash Trivedi, senior obstetrician and and president of Federation of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Societies of India (FOGSI), attributed the rise in high risk pregnancies to the changing lifestyle and trends and suggested a proper pregnancy care regimen for women to be safe and give birth to a healthy baby.
“There are many factors today which are contributing for high risk pregnancies. Rise in the average age of giving birth to a child, problems arising out of multiple sexual contacts, stress, hypertension, obesity, changes in food habits which is making today’s women consume more unhealthy and fatty food either due to career requirements or affluence, among other problems are leading to high risk pregnancies,” explained Dr Prakash Trivedi.
But as there are advanced techniques to address any type of complexity emerging during pregnancy or delivery, approaching a doctor immediately after being confirmed as pregnant and by following a disciplined care regime during pregnancy can take care of many problems, added Dr Trivedi.